Setting up an Android device without logging into a Google account is an uphill battle. I get the feeling the OS has extra inconvenience built-in on purpose when not logged in.
Example 1: In Launcher 3 you cannot move the Google search bar on the home screen - even if you disable the Google app.
This basically forces you to go and find an alternative launcher. I found the Microsoft Launcher to be a good replacement.
Example 2: On android 9 you cannot backup your device without logging into Google system-wide. No other remote backup option is available.
I had to manually back up with adb.
macbeth.cc is one server in the network